The Offinso State Book
The Book is arguably considered to be the biggest history book in West Africa with about more than 3000 pages. The Offinso State Book which was launched on 14th October, 2016 in Offinso Newtown was the third State Book produced by Ghana State Book Project in collaboration with the Offinso Traditional Council. The book contains histories of the Paramountcy, the divisional royal families, the sub-royal families, the affiliate royal families, service stools, Adikrofo, etc.
The book also contains histories of towns and villages in the Offinso South Municipal and the Offinso North District, churches, schools, the Muslim Community and important personalities one has to know in Offinso.
Section of the Book also captures Family Tree which are used to determined lines of succession of the various royal families in the Offinso Traditional Area.
Offinso State or Offinsoman, as it is popularly known, is one of the major traditional states of the Asante Kingdom whose chief, the Offinsohene, pays direct allegiance to the Asantehene, the King of Asante. After the establishment of Offinso State in the mid-17th Century, Asantehene Osei Tutu I (Opemsuo) gave out the land stretching from River Dosuo to Akomadan-Afrantwo after the 2nd Asante-Dormaa War.
The seat of governance of Offinsohene is Offinso (in Offinso Newtown) and serves the Golden Stool “abendwa” of the Asante Kingdom through participation in the Asanteman Council meetings, serving on Committees to resolve matters which are of importance to the Asanteman, representing Asantehene on occasions and at meetings, and performing all other functions as may be assigned by the Asantehene.
It should be unequivocally stated that Offinshomanhene, together with all the paramount chiefs within Asante, serve in Manhyia and participates fully in the governance of the Asante Kingdom. In terms of sitting arrangement of the Asanteman Council, Offinsohene sits at the right hand side of Otumfuor.
Just like any other paramount chief in the Asante Kimgdom, the authority of Offinsoman as a paramountcy and its chief as a paramount chief or Omanhene is derived from the Golden Stool of the Asante Kingdom and that of the Asantehene. In view of the aforementioned, every Offinsohene, when enstooled, must swear the oath of allegiance to the Asantehene.
Offinso is arguably one of the few traditional areas in Asante with a large size of land marking from Offin River and its environs, sharing boundaries at the north with Danaase to Akomadan-Afrantwo, and with Takyiman and Nkoranza in the Brong Ahafo Region at the south. All these lands are held in trust for the Asantehene by Offinsohene. In terms of political boundary, Offinso State is made up of Offinso South Municipality and Offinso North District with over five hundred towns and villages.
This Book (Offinso State Book) was written and launched during the reign of Asantehene Otumfuo Osei Tutu II, the king of the Asante Kingdom and Nana Wiafe Akenten III, Offinsohene. It is irrefutable to mention that Otumfuo Osei Tutu II, the Asantehene, through his numerous developmental initiatives, has contributed immensely towards the rapid growth of the Offinso State.
The origin of Offinso Asona royals (the Royal Family of the Offinso paramountcy) has attracted diverse oral historical views, which sometimes, fail to give the unequivocal origin of the Offinso royalty. This could be attributed to the fact that there was less detailed documentation that underpins the pre-creational era of the Offinso State. This gap has motivated various oral historical accounts to be given from different perspectives.
The delicacy of the foundation of Offinso history is rooted in two main entrenched schools of thought supported by oral tradition. Whilst some believe that the people of Offinso migrated from Denkyira (1) others are of the view that the Offinso people traced their ancestry to Aso-a-Oboadie who was said to have emerged from a cave or a hole with some people and were followed by an elephant and a snake, in legend or in oral history (2). It is not too clear the exact location of the cave, but some royals of Offinso believe that they first settled at Kokobiante (Sodua).
Oral tradition attests to the fact that the Offinso royalty derives its lineage from one Abrewa Dokua, a descendant of Abrewa Asakra, whose lineage is traced to Aso-a-Oboadea (4). The lens of the existing historical facts focuses on the true relationship that exists among the three aforementioned ancestors believed to have brought forth the royalty of the Asona entourage that eventually metamorphosed into the royalty of the present Offinso paramountcy in the Asante Kingdom.
Various Places of Settlement
The ancestors of Offinso, led by Nana Froben Twea migrated from Kokobiante near Adansi Akrofuom and settled at Akrofuom for some time before moving northwards through Adansi Akrokeri, through Ahwiaa on the Bekwai - Obuasi trunk road and through Dedesua and finally settled at Yententwaa, present day Kenyasi, founded by the Oyoko clan.
The Asona Family (Offinso people) left Kokobiako for Akrofuom at the time their kinsman, Nana Okai I, was the chief probably to offer him security. During that period Nana Wiafe Tope was the eldest of the family and the leader as well .
Historically, it has been attested via oral history that the Asona Family settled in Adansi together with the people of Achem, Edwoso and Beposo in the mid-14th century. The Adansis were known for their ability to build illustrious structures in their Kingdom, hence the name “adansi” lilterally meaning builders.
Due to conflicts with neighbouring states, namely, Denkyira, the Adansi lost much of its identity and much of it was absorbed into the Denkyira Empire. This situation compelled some of the groups to depart from Adansi, including the Achems and other Asona groups like the present day Offinso, Edwoso, and Beposo. It is believed that they migrated in different periods.
The Offinso people (the Asona family) led by Nana Froben-Twea departed from Adansi in search of a comfortable place of abode in the later part of the 16th century. During this period, the group settled at various places like Akyiresiase, Fensenase, Adedientem and Dedesua. In the course of the journey, Nana Froben-Twea died and was succeeded by Nana Amponsah Kwatia, who was his nephew..
Nana Amponsa Kwatia also led the group for some time before the mantle was taken over by Nana Abena Boaa in Antoa. Nana Abena Boaa was the sister of Nana Amponsa Kwatia.
Nana Abena Boaa exercised leadership authority of the Asona entourage for a number of years during their stay in Antoa. After the death of Nana Abena Boaa in Antoa, the next leader was Nana Dankwah Gyeawowa.
During the reign of Nana Dankwah Gyeawowa, the Asona entourage began to seek a new settlement. Their intention to seek a new settlement was based on two reasons; firstly to have a place that they could permanently settle as their own and, secondly, to secure a place large enough to accommodate their increasing population. Oral tradition shows that Nana Dankwah Gyeawowa also died and was buried in Antoa. Oral history captured in ROHIK suggests that Nana Dankwah Gyeawowa was buried on the way to Nyamaaa Fetish in Antoa and the place was supposedly marked by an ntome tree. The place is also known as “asonafour ndayem” and is currently the burial place of the Asona people.
When Nana Dankwa Gyeawowa died at the later part of the 17th Century, Nana Dwamena Tia succeeded him. Afia Amako, a daughter of Abena Boa, was also appointed Queen mother, referred to in Akan as hemaa. When she was installed her name, Afia Amako, was changed to Amako Hemaa literally meaning Amako the Queen Mother. It was around this period the Asona entourage led by Nana Dwamena Tia searched for a new place of abode in order to relocate from Antoa.
The ancestors acquired a land from Nana Adu Gyemfi, the then Gyemfi Onohene. The Asona royals finally settled on the land which became known as Dumanafo. Later on, Nana Adu Gyamfi relocated to the current Gyamase due to some imminent danger.
The name Dumanafo originated as a result of the fact that the Asona entourage decided to settle at a place where an Odum tree had fallen. This was because there was a woman among them called Agyeiwaa who was pregnant and was due for labour. The people then decided to settle at the southern part of an Odum tree in order to ensure her safety. This area of settlement gradually became known as Odum Anafo…………… Refer to Offinso State book for more details
|The Paramouncty and Divisions||Sub-Royal families||Service Royal Families||Adikrofo Royal Family|
|The Offinso Asona Royal Family||Namong Royal Family||Asuamehene / Sodo||Adukro Royal Family|
|Anou Royal Family||Ankobea (Anyankaso) Royal Family||Nkondwasoafuohene||Mentukwa Royal Family|
|Asamankama Royal Family||Dumasua Royal Family||Banmuhene||Ayensua Kokoo Royal Family|
|Twimasen Royal Family||Kokote Royal Family||Nkosuor||Medokwae Royal Family|
|Abofour Royal Family||Mpehi Royal Family||Tuumtuohene||Koforidua Royal Family|
|Abuasu Royal Family||Semanhyia (Asempaneye) Royal Family||Akomfourhene||Daaso Royal Family|
|Denting Royal Family||Kayera Royal Family||Papasi Royal Family|
|Obuase Royal Family||Twafo (Dosuo) Royal Family||Dobihwe Royal Family|
|Nkau Royal Family||Akomadan Royal Family||Nyamebekyere Royal Family|
|Asuoso Royal Family||Nkwankwaa Royal Family|
|Adiembra Royal Family||Abrokyire Royal Family|
|Antoa Royal Family||Seseko Royal Family|
|Atipin Royal Family|
|Afrantwo Royal Family|
|Nkenkansu Royal Family|
|Aduana Royal Family|
|Ayensuafofuo Royal Family|
|Amoawi Royal Family|
|Awisem Royal Family|
|Ampabame Royal Family|
|Dumanafo Royal Family|
|Maase Royal Family|
|Mehame Royal Family|
|Dwendabi Royal Family|
|Anyinasuso Royal Family|
|Sakame Royal Family|
|Saana (Tutuase) Royal Family|
|Dome Royal Family|
|Samproso Royal Family|
|Kobreso Royal Family|
The Offinso Asona Royal Family
Disputes in succession confronted many royal stools in Asante, including the Offinso paramount stool. Otumfuo Osei Agyeman Prempeh's ruling in 1946 was rooted and affirmed in the Asona origin and thus Asona ascent to the Offinso paramount stool. The Asona royalty of the Offinso paramountcy has two main gates namely, Ashirem and Ankonkodiase. Only these two royal gates produce heirs for the stool of the Offinso paramountcy. It must be noted, however, that eligibility of royalty to ascend the Offinso stool from any of the gates is determined by the leadership of any of the gates and the kingmakers of the paramountcy. Detailed histories about the two gates will be captured in the 2nd edition of the Offinso State Book. In this section, however, the book gives a brief introduction of the gates.
Ashirem Asona royals
The word “Ashirem” was coined from the Akan word “Hyire” which means white clay. Most of the royals from this gate settle in Tutuase, Kokote, Nkenkaasu, Amoawi, Namong, and Asamankama. Others can be found in Beposo, Agogo, Afrantwo, Obuase, Anou and other places. Just as mentioned ealier, the eligibility of royalty is mostly determined by the leadership of the gate, which is headed by the Abusuapanin.
Ankonkodease Asona royals
The name “Ankodease” derived from the expression “Ankondeasefo” literally meaning the Ankodease people. Ankonkodease is a name of a tree. The royals of this gate mainly settle in Tutuase, Offinso Newtown, Dentin, Obuase, and other places.
Refer to Offinso State book for more details
Anou Royal Family
The history of Anou entails three (3) elements that are very complex to bring together in order to have one unique history for the Krontire Stool of Offinso. The first element is the fact that the Krontire Stool is by paternal ascendancy “Mmammadwa” and not occupied by a particular royal family. The second element has to do with the Asakyiri royal family believed to be the original occupant of the Anou Stool. The third element concerns the control of the Mmamma groups and the Asakyiri royals of Anou in ascending to the Krontire Stool of Offinso. These three elements would be discussed in detail and elaborated in the 2nd Edition of Offinso State Book. The history captured in this book gives an introduction of the emergence of the various groups in Anou and for that matter the Krontire Stool.
The Asakyiri family migrated from Adansi Akrokere to Offinso. The emblem of the family is a vulture. The royal family first settled at Kumasi during the reign of Otumfour Osei Tutu I. Traditionally, the Asantes believe that Asakyiri Clan is the descendants of a stool wife. Due to this Asantehene Osei Tutu I directed them to Denase to seek a comfortable place of abode. The then Denasehemaa, Befoa Twenefoa, also re-directed them to cross the Offin River and come to where Nana Dwamena Tia and his people had settled. Their leader at the time was Nana Asare Panin and his brother was Nimsaa Boafo, with their sister Tima Gyeku. Other oral accounts also suggest that the Anou Asakyiri royal family might have joined the Dwamena Tia's entourage to settle in Offinso with the Asona people.
They settled close to the river hence their name 'Offin ano fuo' which was later corrupted to become Anou. Oral history has it that………. Refer to Offinso State book for more details
Asamankama Royal Family
The royals of Asamankama belong to the Bretuo clan. They are popularly called Guakro Bretuo. That notwithstanding, there have been instances where people from different clans like Asakyiri and Asene have occupied the Stool of Asamankama which is also the Akwamu Stool of Offnso.
The ancestors of this royal family migrated from Kyekyewere in Denkyira. During their migration, they met the Asona entourage led by Froben Twea from Adanse Akrofrom. The entourage settled at various places including Dedesua, Antoa and Dumanafo, where the hunters among them started searching for a permanent place of abode for the people. It is believed that the leadership position of the entourage was occupied by Froben-Twea, Amponsah Kwatia, Nana Abena Boah and Nana Dankwah Gyeawowa. Oral history attests that it was under the leadership of Nana Dwamena Tia that brought the entourage to the present day Offinso. Nana Dwamena Tia later became known as Nana Dwamena Akenten.
It is believed that Nana Kwaku Gyampo was one of the hunters who went to survey the land on behalf of the then leader of the entourage, Nana Dwamena Tia. After a positive recommendation was given to Nana land from the then Danase Hemaa, Nana Benefowaa Twenewaa who was married to Nana Obiri Yeboah the then Asantehene. (Refer to the Offinso History for detailed information.)
The entourage finally settled at Offinso in the mid 17th Century and Nana Kwaku Gyampo arrived at Offinso with his brother Annorhene Panin, Annorhene Kumaa, and his sister Dufie. Eno Dufie brought forth Akumin. Nana Kweku Gyampo, who was then living in Anou was asked to take care of the then Offinso Queen Mother, Nana Amako Hemaa who was sick at the time. Nana Amako Hemaa was brought for treatment under a certain Besemakama tree, which was located at the present day Asamankama. The name Asamanka originated from the fact that…………. Refer to Offinso State book for more details.
Twimasen Royal Family
The history of Twumasen is traced to Nana Tabi who belonged to Asona Clan. He arrived from Adansi Ayaase near Fomena and settled at a place called Bukruwa in Offinso in about the 18th Century. Oral tradition confirms that he originally migrated from Kyebi before settling at Adansi Ayaase for a while. Nana Tabi followed the steps of the Asona family who earlier on migrated from Adansi Akrofuom in different groups to seek a new place of settlement. Oral history affirms that he was sent by the Kyebihene to find out whether or not his brother, the Offinsohene and his people had got a comfortable place of abode. When Nana Tabi arrived in Offinso he did not return.
Diverse historical accounts have been given with regard to Nana Tabi's migration to Offinso. While some believe that Nana Tabi came with his old mother, Amponsaa, and his wife, Agyeiwaa, others however, are of the opinion that Nana Tabi arrived in Offinso alone.
Agyeiwaa, the wife of Nana Tabi, belonged to Bretuo Clan of the Mampong Royal family, Tunsuase, but had then travelled all the way from Mampong with her mother, Adutwumwaa, to settle at Akyem Dwease because of frequent wars in the area during that period. Nana Adutwumwaa was the daughter of one of the royals who later became Ashantihene with a stool name Nana Kusi Obuadum. ….Not too long after the arrival of Nana Tabi, the then Offinsohene asked him to settle at Tutuase, which he did. Nana Tabi was a brave hunter who hunted in the forest of this current Twumasen. During one of his hunting expeditions, he discovered…… Refer to Offinso State book for more details.
Abofour Royal Family
This royal family belongs to the Asakyiri Clan and traces its root to Denkyira Embrayem. One of their great grand ancestors called Bresiam Kunadu escaped from the then Denkyira chief Nana Boa Amponsem for reason not captured in oral history. From Denkyira, Nana Kunadu settled at Adanse Akrofrom. It is believed that on her migration she was protected by an eagle, “okore” and vulture, “Kokosakyi”. These two birds have become the historic emblems of the royal family to date.
Ofobi Oti who was also referred to as Fobiri Ti grew up to become one of the great hunters for Otumfour Osei Tutu I. In the latter part of 1670s Ofobi Oti and his brothers and other hunters were exhibited for their bravery and skills in hunting by killing various animals for Otunfour. Oral history indicates that on one occasion in Asante history Afia Bomo, the sister of Ofobi Oti, followed the brother to Kumasi. Afia Bomo (others believe it is Kepotia) got attracted to Otumfour Osei Tutu I that eventually led to marriage. Ofobi Oti therefore became brother-in-law to the Asantehene, Otumfour Osei Tutu I. That is why there is a saying in Akan among the royals of Abofour that “Abofohene to Otumofur Kwansen Tuo”. Oral history again says that Afia Bomo was settled in Ayigya by her husband, Otumfour Osei Tutu I. This, according to the royal family, explains why some of the royals of Abofour are found in Ayigya.In one of their hunting expeditions, the hunters discovered a virgin forest where several animals could be found. When they realized that the forest was full of animals they named the place Abofo Kwayem, literally meaning hunters' forest. This is to say that it is a forest where every hunter would love to hunt for game. At that period hunters from Bono Manso (now Takyiman) were hunting in the forest. As hunters, they became friends in the forest and started hunting together. There was a place where they met regularly to dry their hats and dine together. That meeting place became known as “Ashiayem”…………. Refer to Offinso State book for more details.
Abuasu Royal Family
The Abuasu Stool is currently occupied by Aduana royal family and traces its ancestral root to Denkyira. There is also Ekuona royal family of Abuasu who claim ownership and royalty of the Abuasu Stool. In 2015, the issue was handled by a judicial committee of Offinso Traditional Council of which judgment went in favour of the Aduana royal family as the rightful owners and occupants of the stool. The Ekuoana family has appealed to the Asante Regional House of Chiefs.
Until a judgment is given in favour of the Ekuona people, the Aduana family will remain occupants of the stool per the judgment of the Offinso Traditional Council. That notwithstanding, the historical views of the two royal families were captured in the Offinso State Book just as were presented in order to ensure fairness and equity.
The Aduana royal family of Abuasu traces its root to Denkyira. The great grand ancestress Maame Adwoa Fosua gave birth to Kwabena Kwakuah, Akosua Nyarko, Kofi Agyen and Kwame Tieku in Denkyira. Between the late 1630s and early 1640s Kwabena Kwakuah, the son of Nana Adwoa Fosua, assisted the Denkyira state in diverse ways. This compelled the then chief of Denkyira, Nana Boa Amponsem, to reward him with a chieftaincy title the Kyidomhene of Denkyira State. Nana Kwabena Kwakuah became the Kyidomehene of Denkyira but died some years later. Nana Kwame Tieku, the brother of Nana Kwabena Kwakuah, succeeded him as the Kyidomhene of Denkyira State. Nana Kwame Tieku continued the good work of his predecessor. At a moment in history, it was alleged that the son of Denkyirahene, Nana Boa Ampunsem, had defiled the wife of Nana Kwame Tieku. The name of this prince in question was not captured. After the incident, the people expected justice from the Denkyira chief, Nana Boa Amponsem. Inversely, justice was exacted with leniency leaving the son unpunished. This approach by the Denkyirahene irritated most of the people, especially the Tieku Aduana royal family of Denkyira. This informed their intention to move from Denkyira, together with other concerned individuals and groups. The entourage also included some Ekuona people. The departure of Nana Tieku and his entourage occurred on Friday, hence the oath “Efiada Amantuo” for the Abuasuhene of Offinso.On their way to where destiny would decide, they met another huge entourage, the Asona royals and other affiliate groups, whose leader was called Nana Froben-Twea………. Refer to Offinso State book for more details
Denting Royal Family
The royal Aduana clan of Dentin is popularly called Amoakwaa Aduana. It is the royal house of Dentin. The ancestors of the present day Dentin and for that matter the Amoakwaa Aduana clan, migrated from Akyem Duase in the Eastern Region of Ghana.
The reason for their migration was a serious misunderstanding between the queen mother, Nana Aku Boaa, and the chief of Akyem Duase. The misunderstanding created a deep enmity that resulted in the migration of Nana Aku Boaa and his brother, Kwasi Kwaw, popularly called Kwasi Kokor and her six children comprising one (1) male and five (5) females. The son was called Tabi Adade while the females included Abena Antwiwaa, Akrasiwa, Ani - brani (Anisabeni), Abrafi Panin and Abrafi Kumaa, Kwasi Kokor was the leader of the migrants.
They migrated to Kumasi and called on the Asantehene, at the time Nana Osei Tutu I, to give them a place to settle. He settled them at Pampaso. Later on, the Asantehene gave them to Nana Wiafe Kofi I to settle them at Offinso Old Town. Nana Adu, a linguist from Offinso, led them from Kumasi to Offinso Tutuase in1698. They built small houses and started farming. They named their new place Dankoman meaning we brought our own stool.Nana Kwasi Kokor in one of his hunting activities reached a village called Twumasen and met another group of Aduana clan who were the ancestors of Nana Kwaku Nyantakyi, also known as Kwaku Nkwanta. These two Aduana people came together and merged into one family. Nana Kwasi Kokor and his nieces would usually go for foodstuffs moving from Twumasen to Dankoman, and to their new settlement at Tutuase – Offinso………. Refer to Offinso State book for more details
Obuase Royal Family
The royals of Obuase belong to the Asene clan. The Obuasehene is also the Benkumhene of Offinso Traditional Area. The royal Asene clan of Obuase migrated from Denkyira Brofoyedu. According to oral tradition, they stayed in Adansi Obuase. History has it that due to the numerous wars at the time they had to move from there in order not to be taken hostage.
They migrated to Asante Atoa before they finally settled at Offinso. The ancestors of Obuase came with their stool and valuable properties which they guarded with alacrity. The ancestors who led the way from Antoa to the present day Ofinso Buase were Nana Amponsah Yentumi and his sister, Yaa Akuaa. Nana Amponsah Yentumi became the first occupant of the royal Asene Stool of Obuase. As the years passed by Yaa Akuaa gave birth to Appiah Kwakwatu and Adoma. After the death of Nana Amponsah Yentumi, he was succeeded by Appiah Kwakwatu. Adoma gave birth to Agyaa, Akua Gyarbuor, Ama Amponsaah, and Nakaa Obisiw. Another version of the oral history indicates that the first migrants were Nakaa Obisiw and Yaa Akuaa but not Amponsah Yentumi as it is claimed. In view of the two historical accounts it can be deduced that between Nana Amponsah Yentum and Nana Nakaa Obisiw, one of them was part of the migrants and the other was born in Offinso.
That notwithdstanding, the current Obuasehene, Nana Osei Boateng Yentumi, and other royals believe that the first migrant was Nana Amponsah Yentumi. With regard to Nana Nakaa Obisiw he was born during the Offinso settlement.History has it that Agyaa also gave birth to Pokuaa and Kwame Poku. After the death of Amponsah Yentumi, he was succeeded by his nephew, Kwame Poku. Pokuaa gave birth to Ama Abrafi, Adwoa Abaayaa, Kwodwo Andoh and Kweme Andoh. After the Bono-Asante War, Amponsah Yentumi was rewarded for his bravery and was elevated to Offinso Benkumhene. ………. Refer to Offinso State book for more details
|Towns and villages|
|ABENTENASUA||ABOFOUR CAMP||ABOFOUR HISTORY|
|ABEREWA ANFOKROM||ABROFUA VILLAGE||ABROKYIRE HISTORY|
|ABROWA NKAASE||ABUASU HISTORY||ADAANKWANTA|
|ADEGYENSU NO. 1 & 2||ADIEMBRA HISTORY||ADUANA HISTORY|
|ADU KOFI KROM||ADUKRO HISTORY||ADUPIRI EKURA|
|AFRANTWO HISTORY||AFRENSUA||AFRENSU VILLAGE|
|AGOGO HISTORY||AGYA ADOMKROM||AGYA FOREKROM|
|AGYEI KROM||AGYEIMPRA HISTORY||AHUMASU|
|AHWETIESO VILLAGE||AKARIKROM||AKOMADAN HISTORY|
|AKROFOA||AKWASI MMIEKROM||AKWESI SEKYERE KUROM|
|AMAKROM||AMANKWATIA VILLAGE||AMOAWI HISTORY|
|AMPABAME HISTORY||AMPONSAKROM||ANHWEREKROM VILLAGE|
|ANI ANTE NTEM||ANKONOM VILLAGE||ANTOA HISTORY|
|ANYANKASO HISTORY||ANYINASUSO HISTORY||APATAM VILLAGE|
|APONKYERENI /AGYA AKYIREMU||ASAAASEKROM||ASAMANKAMA HISTORY|
|ASEMNYAKA||ASAMOAKROM||ASEMPANEYE HISTORY||ASOTWE VILLAGE||ASUOABENA VILLAGE||ASUOFU|
|ASUOKOO HISTORY||ASUOSO HISTORY||ATAKORAKROM|
|ATROMSU||ATTA KOBOKROM||AWISEM HISTORY|
|AYENSUA FUFUO HISTORY||BANIEKROM||BARIKROM|
|BREFUA TANO||BREDI||BREKUM VILLAGE|
|CONGO||DAASO HISTORY||DAPAA AKURAA|
|DOMEABRA||DOME HISTORY||DOSUO HISTORY|
|BURASO||DORMAA VILLAGE||DUMASUA HISTORY|
|HWENTIEM VILLAGE||JOHN EKURA||KAMANI|
|KAYERA HISTORY||KWABENA NKYERA||KENSAKROM|
|KENTAA COTTAGE||KOBEAKROM||KOBRESO HISTORY|
|KOFI MENSAHKROM||KOFORIDUA HISTORY||KOKOTE HISTORY|
|KWABENA BRENYA||KWABENA MANUKROM||KWABENA MENSAHKROM|
|KWABENA MOSSIKROM||KWABENA NSIAHKROM||KWABENA YANKYERA|
|KWEDWO ANOKROM||KWEDWO ANNOR KETSEWAKROM||KWEDWO ASAREKROM (NTI)|
|KWADWO DUODU KUROM||KWEDWO NTIM EKURA||KWAKU AKOM AKURAA|
|KWAKU ANORKROM||KWAKU DARKOKROM||KWAME BODOMKROM|
|KWAME FODA KUROM||KWAME FORIKROM||KWAME KRASIKRO|
|KWAME KWABEAKROM||KWAME NYAMEKROM||KWAME OPONG EKURA|
|KWASI BOAMA EKURA||KWASI LOBIKROM||KWASIWEKROM|
|KYERADEGYA||KYIDOMKROM||J.K KUROM /OPANIN YENA KUROM|
|MAASE HISTORY||MANKRAMSO VILLAGE||MANSRA VILLAGE|
|MARFO AKURA||MBOFRA MFAADWEN||MEDOKWAYE|
|MEHAME HISTORY||MEWU VILLAGE||MFRAMA NFAWO|
|MILE 31 VILLAGE||MMOFRA MFADWEN KROM||MPAEMPAEMU VILLAGE|
|MPEHI HISTORY||MPENTIE KROM||MUSTAPHAKROM|
|NAMONG HISTORY||NANA FOSU ANTWI AKURA||NANA MENSAH KUROM|
|NANA YAW NSOWAA KROM||NKENKANSU HISTORY||NKYENSE EKURA|
|NKUBESAH VILLAGE||NKWADUOANO VILLAGE||NKWAANKWAA HISTORY|
|NKWANKWAA PANIN||NKWANTU VILLAGE||NNADUASA HISTORY|
|NSREHIA VILLAGE||NSUGUASUA||NSUO WENEANO|
|NTIMKROM||NYAKOMA VILLAGE||NYAME BEKYERE VILLAGE|
|NYAME BEKYERE NO.2 VILLAGE||NYANKAMASE||NYINATASE VILLAGE|
|OBIRI YAW KROM||OBUASE HISTORY||OBUASE-DUMESUA|
|ODEM VILLAGE||ODESO CAMP||ODUM EKURA|
|OHEMAAKROM||OHIA YE ANIMGUASE||PEWOHO YESU|
|POFUM VILLAGE||SAFOKROM||SAKEMU HISTORY|
|SAM EKURA||SAMPOROSO HISTORY||SANSO VILLAGE|
|SANSO NO.2||SARFOKROM||SERWIA VILLAGE|
|SRENTIATIA VILLAGE||TANOKWAYEM VILLAGE||TAWIAKUROM|
|TONTOKROM||TWEASU VILLAGE||TWIMASEN HISTORY|
|YAW BADU EKURA||YAW KOBEAKROM||YAW KYEMKUROM|
In the later part of the 17th Century, a war was declared between the Asantes and the Dormaa people. This was the second Asante-Dormaa War in 1698. The Asantes were led by Otumfuo Osei Tutu I together with the gallant warriors in the Asante Kingdom. This was the first war after the unification of the Asante people. In the war, Asantes defeated the Dormaa State and dispersed them to various places. A story is told that the chief warrior of the Dormaa State at the time called Nana Kwabi had sworn never to allow himself to be captured and sent to Kumasi. The oath was however broken by Nana Wiafe Akenten I when he captured the war leader of Dormaa, Nana Kwabi.
How the term Mmoaninko came about
After the Asantes had won the war, the leaders of the warriors decided, upon reaching the present day Bechem, to share the booty they had acquired. In the 2014 Mmoaninko brochure, Rev. Father Dr. Patrick Nkrumah indicated as follows: after the victory over the Dormaa, Nana Osei Tutu I, and his victorious war leaders sat to share their acquisitions (booty, spoils). The place where the sharing took place was Bechem, a derivation of the name from the sharing of the booty. The chiefs said, “We shall divide our booty here” (Yebekye mu wo ha), hence the name Bekyem. During the sharing process, Nana Wiafe Akenten I sat calmly and patiently under a tree. He was watching the sharing and was perhaps pensive about the future. He demonstrated a selfless character of not grabbing the lion's share an act, which depicts him as a brave war leader. The warlords took their rightful shares of the spoils.
Some chiefs took gold, diamond and silver. Other chiefs took clothes which can be described as a gem of cultural value with artistic tapestry. Still Nana Wiafe Akenten I sat quietly and peacefully in defiance of Asante wisdom. Nana Osei Tutu I, the son of Owusu Panin of Abrenkese Nyameani, and Manu Kutusi asked Nana Wiafe Akenten I what he wanted out of the spoils. Nana Wiafe Akenten I answered, “Mmoaninko” which literally means ''the left over from the booty''. He meant that after the sharing of the goods, he wanted the leftover, the land.
Oral historical account also explains the calmness of Nana Wiafe Akenten I during the sharing at Bekyem……. Refer to Offinso State book for more details